This project was conceived in , approved in and construction began in The main reason for this 3 X mw MW project to be in news are the objections raised by Pakistan . Pakistan claimed that, the dam is a gross violations of the Indus Water Treaty,. India reduced the water flow to fill up the Baglihar dam lake in Jammu and Kashmir, causing a loss of agriculture for farmers in Pakistan.
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Ministry of External Affairs. Media Center. Baglihar Dam cleared by neutral expert February 12, The overall design of the Baglihar dam being built by India on the Chenab as a run-of-river plant has been upheld by Prof. The NE has emphasized the need to incorporate state of the art technology for projects built under the Indus Waters Treaty for reasons of safety and optimum utilization of the waters.
The decision of the NE recognizes India's right to utilize the waters of the Western Rivers more effectively, within the ambit of the Treaty, for power generation. This is the first time since the signing of the Indus Waters Treaty that a Neutral Expert has been appointed. Pakistan's request made on 15th January, raised a number of Points of Difference for Expert Determination in respect of the design of the Project on the basis that certain features of the design did not conform to criteria specified in the Treaty.
Pakistan contended, inter alia, that conditions at the Baglihar site did not require a gated spillway; that the spillway gates were not at the highest level; Indian calculations of the design flood and the height of the dam Freeboard were excessive; India's calculation of the required Pondage of The Parties made written and oral submissions during the course of the Expert Determination.
The NE after a detailed analysis of a data base of about dams from the International Commission on Large Dams ICOLD 's World Register of Dams to analyse the type of spillway, gated or ungated, and a historical review of construction of large orifice outlets as well as a consideration of ICOLD guidelines, held that the site conditions at Baglihar require a gated spillway, and also held that in view of the high flood discharges and heavy silt loads, India's design of gated spillways — both chute surface spillway and sluice spillways, as well as the number, size and location of their gates for the Baglihar dam complies with the design criteria set out in Annexure D of the Indus Waters Treaty.
This important element in the NE's Determination will deeply influence all future interpretations of the Indus Waters Treaty.
The NE has observed that the present day state of scientific and technical knowledge with advances in technology in dam design, not known or developed in , can and should be utilized in dealing with problems such as those posed by heavy sediment which shorten the effective life of a plant.
The NE accepts and regards as prudent India's calculation of the design flood of 16, cumec as against Pakistan's figure of 14, cumec in view of the uncertainties of flood analysis, possibilities of climate change etc. This decision will help India to deal more effectively with the problems of sedimentation in its future projects as the NE has confirmed India's design of large bottom outlets sluice spillway as the most important technique to be employed in managing the high volumes of sediment which characterise the Himalayan Rivers.
Incidentally, this had been an element of strenuous objection and India, in the course of the Expert Determination, constantly maintained that India's design to deal with sedimentation problems by modern methods does not in any way interfere with the flow of waters of the Chenab River into Pakistan as required by the Treaty.
In this context, it is to be noted that India, in the spirit of good neighbourly relations, had offered possible reduction of freeboard to Pakistan even before the process of Expert Determination had started. The NE has recognized the uncertainties in projecting future load variations. He has arrived at a slightly lower value of The NE has arrived at the lower value as he adopted a daily pattern of power generation which is slightly different from that adopted by India.
As a result, there will be a minor change in the schedule of peak power generation. However, the number of hours of power generation per week would remain at about 49 hours as designed by India. The Treaty requires these to be located at the highest level, consistent with satisfactory and economical construction and operation of the Plant and with customary and accepted practice of design for the designated range of the Plant's operation.
Pakistan had suggested that provision of anti-vortex devices could raise the intake levels by about 7 metres from that designed by India.
According to the NE, the normal practice is to go in for an appropriate arrangement of the intake structure. In particular cases where this is not possible for technical or economic reasons, then recourse could be taken to anti-vortex devices.
The NE has also observed that the intakes should be so located as to avoid asymmetrical flow of water towards them. While the Indian designers of the project do not agree with the NE's approach, as it reduces the water seal by 2 metres, no difficulty is expected in incorporating this change in the design of the Baglihar Plant. The three elements of design which require marginal changes, i. New Delhi. To P.
Ministry of External Affairs. Media Center. Baglihar Dam cleared by neutral expert February 12, The overall design of the Baglihar dam being built by India on the Chenab as a run-of-river plant has been upheld by Prof. The NE has emphasized the need to incorporate state of the art technology for projects built under the Indus Waters Treaty for reasons of safety and optimum utilization of the waters. The decision of the NE recognizes India's right to utilize the waters of the Western Rivers more effectively, within the ambit of the Treaty, for power generation. This is the first time since the signing of the Indus Waters Treaty that a Neutral Expert has been appointed.
Since the time that India informed Pakistan of that fact in , the two countries had gone through prolonged negotiations, based on Pakistan's objections to the project as the lower riparian state. The talks having not succeeded, a World Bank-appointed 'neutral' expect is currently engaged in the task of finding a solution. His decision is expected in early-November. To understand the imbroglio, it is necessary to look at the bigger picture.
The Baglihar dispute
Policy-makers are not enthusiastic about scrapping the treaty that has stood the test of time, including the wars of , and the Kargil standoff. India and Pakistan on Tuesday resolved the issue relating to the initial filling of Baglihar dam in Jammu and Kashmir with the neighbouring country deciding not to raise the matter further Pakistan has demanded that it wants to inspect the Baglihar Dam to see if India has complied with the World Bank neutral expert's verdict regarding the power project's design. Inter-state water disputes continued to plague the country in but the year would go down in history as the one in which India won in a major dispute with Pakistan over the two-decade-old Baglihar dam issue.
C Summary. The World Bank-appointed neutral expert announced his ruling on February 12 regarding the controversial Baglihar dam project, which both Pakistan and India claimed as a victory. Several specifications contested by Pakistan are being addressed, but the overall design of the dam is intact and India is ready to move forward toward completion and operation in one year's time. The ruling is not only final and binding, but also establishes that India is in the clear to proceed with other projects in the region that involve waters granted to Pakistan under the Indus Waters Treaty. The Indian press praised the verdict as a victory and vindication after more than a decade of disagreement.
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