There are advantages to be gained from the gathering together of people to form a town. A single family living in the country can scarcely hope to drop into a theatre, have a meal out or browse in a library, whereas the same family living in a town can enjoy these amenities. The little money that one family can afford is multiplied by thousands and so a collective amenity is made possible. A city is more than the sum of its inhabitants. It has the power to generate a surplus of amenity, which is one reason why people like to live in communities rather than in isolation.
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According to Gordon Cullen Townscape is a visual art contained in the arrangement of buildings, roads, trees, nature and urban environment that decorate the space. The townscape is one way that can be used in term of physical visual to recognize the physical form of a city.
The townscape can also be identified by the shape of arrangement that is by the design of buildings and roads that creates various emotional levels to the observer. Townscape concept is the basis for Architect, Planners and those who pay attention to the Appearance of the city. Physical form of urban space influenced and determined by the shape and mass of the building.
The linkage is perceived psychologically and physically by the observer as well as the physical form of urban space and the shape of the building mass.
In addition, the relationship can also be seen visually on the quality of a city is determined by the shape and size of the shape and arrangement of urban space.
According to author the values should be added in the urban design of the city so that people can emotionally enjoy a good urban environment through psychological and physical sense. Four points that are emphasized in this book are serial vision, place, content, and the functional tradition. Each of the four core townscape has details aspects which can be seen in the book in the form of cases. According to author serial vision can be explain as the visual images captured by an observer who happens when walking from one place to another in a region.
Recording by observers view the image into pieces which gradually and forms an integral image recording area for observers. Typically, there will be similarities or a marker of the pieces of the view that gives certainty to the observer that he was still in the same region. According to author Place are owned observers feeling emotionally at the time in a certain place. For example a man on the edge of a cliff will have a very lively sense of position where as a man at the end of deep cave will react to the fact of enclosure.
Place influenced by the boundaries that exist in such a place. According to author content is the content Fabric includes colour, texture, scale, style, character, personality and uniqueness of an area that affects one's feelings toward the state of the city environment. Content depends on two factors, namely the level of conformity and the level of creativity. According to author functional tradition is quality in the elements that make up the urban environment. At the end of the book The Concise Townscape author concludes three things : An urban environment is composed by two ways.
The first, the city as an object composed of outside planners as subjects. Secondly the city that are constructed and then filled up by activities.
Townscape role here is as a city forming the structure and support the human activity. Urban arrangement should be able to provide comfort to the people who occupy it. Urban environment influenced the development of society psychologically and physically.
Therefore the art of the environment needs to be emphasized in urban design. In the arrangement of an urban environment should consider the logic of Atlas. It relates to the physical dimensions of the geometry, dimensions of time and the dimensions of ambience. In essence the urban townscape into a series of elements those are important in the urban design. With the townscape, people can recognize an area both physically and emotionally.
Townscape should be arranged as its effects are quite an impact on the development of a community that occupy the region. In addition the townscape the art of creating the environment that is important to a city. At last this book has pioneered the concept of townscape and has a major influence on architects, planners and others concerned with what cities should look like.
Key words: Townscape, urban, environment, physical, enclosure, community, development, planners, architects, colour, fabric, city, linkage, vision, place, content, functional tradition. Related Papers.
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Gordon Cullen’s Concise Townscape
This is a wonderful description of the components that make cities and towns work, from a point of view that celebrates urban life rather than fears it. It makes you realise just how much written about the city is a literature of fear. But Cullen seems to get the point, I think:. A city is more than the sum of its inhabitants. It has the power to generate a surplus of amenity, which is one reason why people like to live in communities rather than in isolation.
Thomas Gordon Cullen 9 August — 11 August was an influential British architect and urban designer who was a key motivator in the Townscape movement. Cullen presented a new theory and methodology for urban visual analysis and design based on the psychology of perception, such as on the human need for visual stimulation and the notions of time and space. He studied architecture at the Royal Polytechnic Institution , the present day University of Westminster, and subsequently worked as a draughtsman in various architects' offices including that of Berthold Lubetkin and Tecton , but he never qualified or practised as an architect. Between and he worked in the planning office of the Development and Welfare Department in Barbados , as his poor eyesight meant that he was unfit to serve in the British armed forces. He later returned to London and joined the Architectural Review journal, first as a draughtsman and then as a writer on planning policies. There he produced a large number of influential editorials and case studies on the theory of planning and the design of towns.