The city has 16 subdivisions , formerly known as boroughs. The population for the city proper was approximately 8. Mexico's capital is both the oldest capital city in the Americas and one of two founded by indigenous people , the other being Quito , Ecuador. The city was originally built on an island of Lake Texcoco by the Aztecs in as Tenochtitlan , which was almost completely destroyed in the siege of Tenochtitlan and subsequently redesigned and rebuilt in accordance with the Spanish urban standards. After years of demanding greater political autonomy , residents were finally given the right to elect both a head of government and the representatives of the unicameral Legislative Assembly by election in Ever since, left-wing parties first the Party of the Democratic Revolution and later the National Regeneration Movement have controlled both of them.
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Visiting Mexico City will leave you wanting to see more. As one of the largest cities in the world, it is also huge in terms of places to visit and things to do. Its history, rhythm of life and culture are easily compared with the main European cities.
The advantage? You can enjoy all its benefits for much less money. This is a guide to the places you should consider visiting. From the most modern colonies, passing through its baroque neighborhoods to the spectacular vestiges of the ancient Aztec empire. Soak up the history, culture, food, colors and aromas of this amazing city. Basic information for traveling to Mexico City. The history of Mexico City begins in when the Mexicas created a settlement on a lake.
From this moment one of the main social, economic and political centers of America called Tenochtitlan developed. The great city of Tenochtitlan flourished until , the year the Spanish arrived.
The name of the city changes from Tenochtitlan to New Spain. The city underwent great changes that sought to erase all traces of the ancient civilization that lived here. On November 18, the name of the city was changed again and it became Mexico City.
It also receives the quality of a capital city and becomes the seat of the Mexican federal powers, a function that it maintains to this day. One of the most common doubts that tourists have in Mexico City is how the issue of tips works. Here are some tips:. In supermarkets you will see that in each payment box there are two people: the one who collects and the one who keeps your things in the bags.
The latter are allowed to do their work but do not receive a fixed salary so they only receive tips. In Mexico it is not common to tip the taxi but you can do it if it has helped you to get on and off your luggage. Waiters usually have a fairly low salary so they appreciate that you leave a tip.
In some restaurants they will ask you if you want to leave a tip and what percentage, in others you can leave it in cash. Other services. The location of Mexico City gives it one of the best climates in the country.
However, during the hurricane season you may encounter a lot of rain. To enjoy a pleasant climate try to visit the city between October and April. February 2. Abril — Mayo. Festival Multicultural de Globos de Cantolla.
Feria Internacional del Libro Infantil y Juvenil. Mexico City has various transportation options. The most complete is the subway that connects the entire city through underground tunnels at the cheapest cost.
Due to Mexico City traffic, other options are much slower and more expensive. Metro map of Mexico City. Photo by: mexicometro. The neighborhoods of Mexico City. Mexico City is made up of different neighborhoods, each with very particular characteristics. Below we will talk about what you can discover and do in each one. Get ready to walk a lot, learn about history and have interesting moments. Colonia Centro. This is the neighborhood or colony that houses the main economic, political and social centers of Mexico City.
A Historic Center. The first place you should know as soon as you get to Mexico City is the Historic Center. In it you will travel to the past with its buildings that have seen centuries pass. Its streets were known to those who visited the Mexicas in pre-colonial times. Later, it became one of the most important places. All kinds of people have passed through this point in Mexico City, from indigenous to viceroys.
The must-sees in this area are:. The Zocalo is not just a public square, it is the most important public square in Mexico. It is surrounded by the most important buildings in the city and has been so since the time of the Mexicas. For the Spanish it became the main trade area. Today it continues to be the center of quintessential cultural, social and religious manifestations.
The most important events are held here, from the cry that commemorates our independence each year to the welcome to the most important personalities who visit Mexico. Take the opportunity to rest after your trip, take some pictures of the buildings that surround the Zocalo and eat something.
Metropolitan Cathedral. One of the buildings that surround the Zocalo is the Metropolitan Cathedral. It is not just any building, it is the largest cathedral in Latin America and one of the largest Christian temples in the world. Even if you do not profess the Catholic religion there are several reasons to know the Cathedral.
Its construction began in with the same stones that one day formed the Main Temple of ancient Tenochtitlan. Its inauguration took place on December 22, and even today you can see its precious murals and religious treasures. Due to its long history it was in danger of sinking but today it is totally safe so you can appreciate all its splendor. Admission is free and on some dates you can enjoy concerts of sacred music and choirs.
National Palace. Its walls and corridors have witnessed the most important political and social events in the history of Mexico.
It was the Palacio de Moctezuma and later the seat of the administration of the Viceroyalty. Currently you can visit the National Palace from Monday to Friday between a.
Museo del Templo Mayor. Can you imagine reaching the center of a city and encountering an archaeological site? This happens in few cities in the world, one of them is Mexico City. Because New Spain was built right on top of ancient Tenochtitlan, over the years it has been possible to find certain archaeological finds.
This led the Museum of the Templo Mayor to open its doors to the public on October 12, The Museum is open from Tuesday to Sunday from a. General admission costs 65 pesos from Tuesday to Saturday for the general public and is free for students, children under 13, teachers, pensioners, retirees and seniors. On Sundays Mexicans and foreign residents can freely access the museum.
The Greater Temple. Tzompantli in the Templo Mayor. Palace of Fine Arts. The Palacio de Bellas Artes is the quintessential Mexican art forum. The first time you visit, it will take your breath away from its magical combination of Art Nouveau and Art Deco. However, the Mexican Revolution prevented the work from being completed until President Pascual Ortiz Rubio continued with its construction.
Alameda Central. Alameda Central is the public park par excellence in Mexico City. Today you can spend moments of calm and tranquility at any time of the week and if you go on Sundays you can enjoy musical recitals that have become a tradition. It is located a few steps from the Museum of Fine Arts. Garibaldi Square. It is impossible to think of Mexico City without associating it with the mariachi and the night party. The best place to find these two things? Throughout the day you can find mariachis and crowds of people looking for fun.
But without a doubt, the best time is during the night. For other options of what to do in the Historic Center, you can follow the itinerary of our colleague Mariel here. If you prefer something more organized, you can use the Capital Bus of the Turibus tourist bus company , which gives you the opportunity to get on and off all day with the same ticket.
B Hotel El Ejecutivo. Do you want a hotel that is right in the center of Mexico City and that has a fair price? Hotel El Ejecutivo is the option. It is a few meters from the Palace of Fine Arts and has all the amenities you may need.
It has the buffet option from 7 to 11 in the morning so you will not have to worry about finding where to have breakfast. Children under 12 years old do not pay accommodation.
The Hotel is located on Calle Viena 8, one of the main roads so transportation will not be a problem.
Guía turística para la Ciudad de México
Mapas de México