JOHANN MATTHESON PDF

Johann Mattheson , born September 28, , Hamburg [Germany]—died April 17, , Hamburg , composer and scholar whose writings are an important source of information about 18th-century German music. Mattheson befriended George Frideric Handel while serving as a singer and conductor at the Hamburg Opera. In he became secretary to the English ambassador, and he later served as ambassador ad interim. He was cantor and organist at Hamburg cathedral from to , when his deafness forced him to resign. Mattheson advocated the merging of the separate Italian, French, and German styles into an integrated musical style and felt that sacred music could be revitalized by the inclusion of secular elements e.

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Johann Mattheson , born September 28, , Hamburg [Germany]—died April 17, , Hamburg , composer and scholar whose writings are an important source of information about 18th-century German music. Mattheson befriended George Frideric Handel while serving as a singer and conductor at the Hamburg Opera.

In he became secretary to the English ambassador, and he later served as ambassador ad interim. He was cantor and organist at Hamburg cathedral from to , when his deafness forced him to resign. Mattheson advocated the merging of the separate Italian, French, and German styles into an integrated musical style and felt that sacred music could be revitalized by the inclusion of secular elements e. Johann Mattheson. Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback.

Britannica Quiz. Musical Origins: Fact or Fiction? Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Mattheson had a number of successors, notably the Leipzig composer Johann Adolph Scheibe, who brought out his weekly Der critische Musicus between the years and and whose chief claim to notoriety was his scurrilous attack on Bach. Generally speaking,…. His enormous…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox!

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Johann Mattheson

German composer, critic, music journalist, lexicographer and theorist. His education was exceptionally broad, perhaps because his parents hoped he would gain a position in Hamburg society. He also had private instruction in dancing, drawing, arithmetic, riding, fencing, and English, French and Italian. At six he began private music lessons, studying the keyboard and composition for four years with J. Hanff later organist at Schleswig Cathedral , taking singing lessons from a local musician named Woldag and instruction on the gamba, violin, flute, oboe and lute.

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Category:Mattheson, Johann

Johann Mattheson 28 September — 17 April was a German composer, singer, writer, lexicographer, diplomat and music theorist. Mattheson was born and died in Hamburg. He was a close friend of George Frideric Handel, although he nearly killed him in a sudden quarrel, during a performance of Mattheson's opera Cleopatra in Handel was saved only by a large button which turned aside Mattheson's sword. The son of a well-to-do tax collector, Mattheson received a broad liberal education and, aside from general musical training, took lessons in keyboard instruments, violin, composition and singing.

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Johann Mattheson

Johann Mattheson has been called the first professional music critic. His writings constitute an important source of technical and background information about that period in which Johann Sebastian Bach was setting down his prodigious contribution to musical literature. Mattheson was himself a composer, keyboard performer, and improviser--a thoroughly trained and competent musician. Before his voice had changed, he was already associated with the Hamburg Opera, following a course parallel to that of his slightly younger colleague and rival in the company, Georg Friedrich Handel. But Mattheson was destined to be remembered more for what he would write about music than for his own operas, oratorios, and keyboard pieces. Handel had apparently sought the position also, and Mattheson ascribes a duel between himself and Handel, which occurred at this time, to Handel's chagrin at being passed over. His account is probably biased, but, in any event, Mattheson went on to become tutor to the diplomat's young son and then secretary to the ambassador himself, while Handel proceeded with his tumultuous career as an opera composer and entrepreneur.

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Johann Mattheson was an important writer, a diplomat, a musical theorist, and a composer. His music was well-regarded by his contemporaries, but so little of it has survived that it is impossible to make a clear assessment of it. His main importance to musical history is as an observer and chronicler of the musical scene of his age. His father was a tax collector in Hamburg who provided Johann , his third and only surviving son, with a thorough and broad education. By the age of nine, it was clear that he was an organ player of child prodigy rank. He also had lovely boy soprano voice and was accomplished on viola da gamba, flute, oboe, lute, and violin. It was not surprising that he was much in demand, nor that he accepted a position as a singer with an opera company.

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