After the collapse of the Nazi regime, Degrelle went into exile in Francoist Spain where he remained a prominent figure in neo-Nazi politics. He died 50 years after being sentenced to death and losing his Belgian nationality for collaboration in After studying at a Jesuit college and attempting to get a degree in law and political sciences from the Catholic University of Leuven , but never graduating,  Degrelle worked as a journalist for the conservative Roman Catholic periodical Christus Rex. During his time at this publication, he became attracted to the ideas of Charles Maurras and French Integralism.
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Email Address:. World War II. After World War II , he was a prominent figure in fascist movements. During his time at this publication, he became attracted to the ideas of Charles Maurras and French Integralism. Until , Degrelle worked as a correspondent for the paper in Mexico , during the Cristero War. Degrelle's actions inside the Catholic Party saw him come into opposition with the mainstream of the same Party, many of whom were monarchist conservatives or centrists. The Rexist group, including the likes of Jean Denis , separated itself from the Catholic Party in , after a meeting in Kortrijk.
The newly formed party was heavily influenced by Fascism and Corporatism but also included several elements interested solely in Nationalism or Ultramontanism ; it had a vision of social equality that drew comparisons with Marxism , but was strongly anti-communist anti-bolshevik. The party also came to denounce political corruption in Belgian politics. In , Degrelle met Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler , both of them providing Rexism with funds 2 million lire and , marks and ideological support.
Elections in that year had given the Parti Rexiste 21 deputies and 12 senators - although in decline by , when it managed to win only 4 seats in each Chamber.
The party progressively added Nazi -inspired Antisemitism to its agenda, and soon established contacts with fascist movements around Europe.
After Belgium was invaded by the Germans on 10 May , the Rexist Party split over the matter of resistance. He was arrested as a suspected collaborator , and evacuated to France. Unlike other Belgian deportees , Degrelle was spared in the Massacre of Abbeville and instead sent into a French concentration camp. He was later released when the Occupation began.
Degrelle returned to Belgium and proclaimed reconstructed Rexism to be in close union with Nazism - in marked contrast with the small group of former Rexists such as Theo Simon and Lucien Mayer who had begun fighting against the Nazi occupiers from the underground. He joined the Walloon legion of the Wehrmacht , which was raised in August , to combat against the Soviet Union on the Eastern Front , and Degrelle himself joined it in combat with leadership of the Rexists passing to Victor Matthys.
Lacking any previous military service Degrelle volunteered to join as a low ranking private, rejecting a direct promotion to an officers rank from Hitler himself. He later quickly rose upwards in the hierarchy.
Initially, the group was meant to represent a continuation of the Belgian Army , and fought as such during Operation Barbarossa - while integrating many Walloons that had volunteered for service. From , the Belgian Roman Catholic hierarchy had banned all uniforms during Mass.
On 25 July , in his native Bouillon, Degrelle was told by Dean Rev Poncelet to leave a Requiem Mass , because he was wearing his SS uniform, which church authorities had prohibited. Degrelle was excommunicated by the Bishop of Namur , but the excommunication was later lifted by the Germans, since as a German officer he was under the jurisdiction of the German chaplaincy.
Degrelle later claimed Hitler told him, "If I had a son, I would want him to be like you. After Germany's defeat, Degrelle fled first to Denmark and eventually fled to Norway , where he commandeered a Heinkel He aircraft,  allegedly provided by Albert Speer. He was severely wounded in a crash-landing on a beach in San Sebastian in Northern Spain. The government of Franco in Spain initially refused to hand him over to the Allies or extradite him to Belgium by citing his health condition.
Belgium convicted him of treason in absentia and condemned him to death by firing squad. Degrelle's family was heavily persecuted in post-war Belgium. His unpolitical parents died in captivity in , his wife was imprisoned for six years, their six children were taken away and with changed names put into custody all over Europe.
Degrelle was later able to find out the whereabouts of his children and could reunite with them. While in Spain, during the Franco dictatorship, Degrelle maintained a high standard of living and would frequently appear in public and in private meetings in a white uniform featuring his German decorations, while expressing his pride over his close contacts and "thinking bond" with Adolf Hitler. He continued to live undisturbed when Spain became democratic after the death of Franco with the help of the Gil family, and continued publishing polemics, voicing his support for the political far right.
His repeated statements on the topic of Nazi genocide brought Degrelle to trial with Violeta Friedman , a Romanian -born Venezuelan survivor of the camps. Although lower courts were initially favourable to Degrelle, the Supreme Court of Spain decided he had offended the memory of the victims, both Jews and non-Jews, and sentenced him to pay a substantial fine.
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MEMORIAS DE UN FASCISTA
Edition, 8. Hitler pour ans [Memorias de un fascista] in Spanish. The party progressively added Nazi -inspired Antisemitism to its agenda [ citation needed ]and soon established contacts with fascist movements around Europe. History s Arditi Fascio. Foreign Nationals in the Service of the Third Reich. After Lippert was killed, Degrelle took command of the Brigade, and the Wallonien began its withdrawal under heavy fire.
25 anos sem Degrelle