Siddha medicine is a traditional medicine originating in Tamil Nadu , India and practiced over centuries. In rural India, siddhars have learned methods traditionally through master-disciple relationships to become local "healers". The Indian Medical Association regards Siddha medicine degrees as "fake" and Siddha therapies as quackery , posing a danger to national health due to absence of training in science-based medicine. Siddha is an ancient Indian traditional treatment system which evolved in South India ,  and is dated to the times of 3rd millennium BCE Indus Valley Civilization or earlier. Parvati then passed it on to Nandi and Nandi taught about it to nine Devtas.
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The Siddha system is based on a combination of ancient medicinal practices and spiritual disciplines as well as alchemy and mysticism. It is thought to have developed during the Indus civilization , which flourished between and bce. According to this theory, it came to South India when the Dravidian people speakers of Dravidian languages , who may have been the original inhabitants of the Indus valley, migrated southward.
Siddha medicine appears as part of Tamil culture in the earliest Tamil writings Tamil is one of the principal Dravidian languages.
Practitioners of Siddha medicine are known as siddhar s or siddha s. According to Tamil tradition, there initially were 18 siddhar s; these individuals often are portrayed as having received their knowledge of the Siddha system indirectly from the deity Shiva. Siddhar s held that the object of their study was to preserve and prolong life. To do so, they believed, required humans to live according to the laws of nature.
They led simple lives themselves and were unconcerned with caste, creed, colour, or nationality. They contributed not only to a system of medicine but also to the knowledge of eternity, alchemy, and Yogic living. Some believe that the siddhar s travelled widely to other countries to propagate their system of medicine and enrich the sciences.
Siddhar s possessed ashtama siddhi , the eight great supernatural powers. Many of the ancient philosophical tenets of the Siddha system continue to be relevant to modern practitioners.
According to the Siddha system, there are five elements that exist in nature: earth, water, fire, air, and ether , all of which form the original basis of all corporeal things. It is believed that there is an intimate connection between the macrocosm of the external world and the microcosm of the corporeal being. In the human body the element of earth is present in the bone , flesh, nerves, skin , and hair ; the element of water is present in bile , blood , semen , glandular secretions, and sweat ; the element of fire is present in hunger, thirst, sleep , beauty, and indolence; the element of air is present in contraction, expansion, and motion; and the element of ether is present in the interstices of the stomach , heart , neck , and head.
Three of the elements—air, fire, and water—are emphasized in Siddha medicine because they are believed to form the three fundamental components that make up the human constitution. These three components— vata , pitta , and kapha representing air, fire, and water, respectively —are known as humours , and their inharmonious interaction produces various pathological states. According to the theories of humoral pathology , all diseases are caused by the discordant mixture of vata , pitta , and kapha.
The elements form the connecting link between the microcosm the human and the macrocosm the world. Thus, the external air corresponds to the internal vata , the external heat corresponds to the internal pitta , and the external water corresponds to the internal kapha. Under normal circumstances, according to Siddha theory, vata occupies regions related to the pelvis and the rectum, pitta occupies regions related to the stomach and the viscera, and kapha occupies regions related to breath, the throat, and the head.
Siddhar s believed vata to be self-originated and identical to divine energy. Imbalance of vata could be the root cause of all disease. Pitta was believed to represent all the characteristics of fire, such as burning, boiling, heating, and similar sensations. It was the name given to the heat contained in the liquid bile , which causes the expulsion of waste matter in the form of urine and feces, and it was believed to give sight to the eyes , beauty to the skin , and cheerfulness to the mind.
Kapha was believed to supply moisture to the body and to give stability, adding to the strength of the body by increasing the firmness of the limbs and thereby keeping them in harmony with one another. It was also thought to aid in digestion and sensation, such as by imparting taste to the tongue. The presence and proportion of these humours within the system is indicated by the pulse , which is vital to correct diagnosis.
Controlled breathing is the method of charging oneself with vitality and personal magnetism; in Yogic terms this is known as pranayama.
Varma is an area of practice in Siddha medicine that is concerned with varmam. The varmam are points of intersection of bone, muscle , tendons , nerves, and blood vessels. The ancient siddhar s believed that disease emerged when these points were adversely affected by an external force.
A manipulative technique used in Siddha medicine to restore health at the varmam is known as ilakku murai. There are believed to be varmam , according to Siddha tradition. The siddhar s did extensive research on plants and devised methods by which plants could be harnessed medicinally.
They also described the poisonous nature of some plants and the antidotes for them and classified plants based on the way they affected the body. Unlike Ayurveda , which is another traditional system of Indian medicine, but which gives topmost priority to herbal treatment , Siddha medicine gives importance to the conjunctive use of plants and minerals.
For simple ailments, the Siddha practitioner advises the initial use of herbs. If this does not prove effective, the judicious use of plants, minerals, and animal products is advised. According to Siddha theory, preparations made of mercury alone were believed to invest the body with immunity from decay, enabling it to conquer disease. Mercury and sulfur were considered to be supreme curatives. Those minerals, however, are extremely toxic to the human body. Siddha medicine has been used for the management of chronic diseases and degenerative conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis , autoimmune conditions , collagen disorders, and conditions of the central nervous system.
Its effectiveness in those situations has varied. Siddha medicine. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. See Article History. The philosophy of Siddha medicine Practitioners of Siddha medicine are known as siddhar s or siddha s. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today.
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Recommended by Colombia. How did you hear about us? The attack occurred this week when a laboratory technician was walking in the campus of a state-run medical college in Meerut. For whom does the epidemic ended, and who gets to say? Chennai Tamil Nadu : A Siddha doctor from Tamil Nadu has claimed to have formulated a herbal medicine that can cure Coronavirus , which was first detected in the city of Wuhan in China in December and has no effective vaccine or drug to treat it. Speaking to ANI, he said: "We have formulated a medicine from an extract of herbs.
Department of Siddha Medicine
S iddha system of medicine is the most primitive medical system. This system was formulated and established about more than years back by the eminent powers called Siddhars and hence the name Siddha Medicine. The medicines were prepared by the various research work done by the Siddhars on herbs,minerals and animals. There are also 18 prime Siddhars who are the followers of the primordial Guru, contributed their valuable knowledge and experiences in this field. This medical system was then carried over generations after generations by the Traditional practitioners under Gurukula system, it was found and practiced in the earliest Dravidian civilization and hence was developed in Tamil language only. Then after independence,the government of Tamil Nadu developed this Traditional system as a Medical system.
Siddha doctor from TN claims to have invented cure for Coronavirus
Tamil Nadu: A Siddha doctor from Tamil Nadu has claimed to have formulated a herbal medicine that can cure Coronavirus, which was first detected in the city of Wuhan in China in December and has no effective vaccine or drug to treat it. Speaking to ANI, he said: "We have formulated a medicine from an extract of herbs. It is very effective to cure any type of viral fever. Coronavirus has no medicine. In China's Wuhan where Coronavirus has claimed over 50 lives, experts have no idea how to cure the disease. Our herbal extract medicine is used to treat dengue, multi-organ fever and acute liver fever.
Indian Doctor From Tamil Nadu Claims to Have Found a 'Ayurvedic' Cure to the Corona Virus
The Siddha system is based on a combination of ancient medicinal practices and spiritual disciplines as well as alchemy and mysticism. It is thought to have developed during the Indus civilization , which flourished between and bce. According to this theory, it came to South India when the Dravidian people speakers of Dravidian languages , who may have been the original inhabitants of the Indus valley, migrated southward. Siddha medicine appears as part of Tamil culture in the earliest Tamil writings Tamil is one of the principal Dravidian languages. Practitioners of Siddha medicine are known as siddhar s or siddha s. According to Tamil tradition, there initially were 18 siddhar s; these individuals often are portrayed as having received their knowledge of the Siddha system indirectly from the deity Shiva.